By: Leanne Ely
Organ meats. Do you eat them? Or does your stomach turn at the thought of eating another creature’s . . . well, stomach?
Eating tongues, hearts, livers and kidneys may seem pretty gross to most people, but way back when our hunter/gatherer ancestors would bring home a kill, the offal was prized and eaten first.
Personally, I’m not keen on eating innards. To me, offal is pretty awful. But I’ve been working hard at incorporating these organ meats into my diet because they are incredibly nutritious—its as if our ancestors knew there were important nutrients in those organs. And predatory animals know it too; they eat the organs of their prey before the muscle meat as well!
Let’s take a quick look at organ meats and find out why:
Liver. Did you know that liver was once considered a meal for the wealthy? Liver is a rich source of copper, folic acid and iron. It’s also high in protein and vitamins A and B. You can eat the liver of almost anything: duck, goose, buffalo, chicken, lamb, goat, and beef. Beef is a good one to start with because it’s readily available and inexpensive.
Heart. Beef heart isn’t that much different from roasts and steaks, except it’s a heart. This muscle meat is generally quite inexpensive and has a high protein content. It’s also rich in zinc, phosphorus, selenium, folate, thiamin, amino acids and B vitamins. Chicken hearts are also very rich in nutrients.
Kidneys. You can generally find beef kidney, pork kidney and lamb kidney fairly easily. Kidney is rich in protein, iron, zinc and B vitamins.
Sweetbreads. Here, I’m talking about the thymus and pancreas of an animal— generally a calf, pig or lamb. If you can put your mind somewhere else to actually stomach them, you’ll benefit from their high protein content!
Tripe. Tripe is the stomach lining of an animal, most commonly a cow, though you can eat sheep, pig, goat and deer tripe as well. Tripe is not as highly prized now as it was by our ancestors, but it is high in protein, calcium, selenium and zinc and this is what menudo, a prized Mexican soup is made from.
Tongue. Because tongue is so high in fat, it’s very tender. It’s also one of the tastiest organ meats and the easiest to cook—I’ve made it myself in a crockpot. Not very pretty to look at, but tasty nonetheless. I’ve heard of some people actually preferring tongue over other cuts of beef after they’ve tried it. Tongue is high in iron, zinc, choline and B vitamins.
Now, if you have a hard time incorporating these types of foods into your diet, I recommend that you try grinding some into ground beef. This will work with heart, liver and kidneys, though I would recommend being extra careful with the liver as it has a strong taste.
Sweetbreads and tripe, I currently have a difficult time with, so I’m giving myself permission to ease myself into offal by starting with liver, heart and kidney (and trust me, it will not be recognizable, probably in a meatloaf). One step at a time, right?
My biggest recommendation however is that I would only recommend that you eat organ meats from organic, grass fed animals. This is important!
And one other thing you can do if you want these types of nutritional benefits without the offal is to eat shellfish like oysters, clams and mussels. They provide the same types of nutrition (you eat the entire inside of these sea creatures), but they’ll be a little more palatable if you’re squeamish at the thought of eating innards. :).
You most likely know I eat a Paleo diet, so you might be surprised that organ meats give me the heebie jeebies. Paleo eaters are supposed to frequently dine on animal hearts and livers, aren’t they? Let’s be honest— all aspects of a Paleo lifestyle are not going to work for everyone.
That’s why I wrote Part-Time Paleo: How to go Paleo Without Going Crazy, and it delivers just what the title suggests—tips for following a Paleo lifestyle without going to any extremes. Order now and get a bunch of great bonuses. Find out more here!